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7am stumper 5-21-14

On this date in 1881, humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons founded the American National Red Cross. It was established to provide aid to victims of war and natural disasters, to do the same work as the International Red Cross. Barton went on to head the organization for many years. Today the American Red Cross takes on many roles, including a huge blood collection program.

What percent of the nation's blood and blood products are collected by the American Red Cross?
1. 20%
2. 30%
3. 40%

The answer is: 3. 40%

According to the website for the American Red Cross, it started the first civilian blood program after World War II. The website says it now supplies approximately 40% of the blood and blood products used in the United States. Locally, Hoxworth Blood Center is the primary blood collector. Hoxworth's website says it was formed in 1938 by Cincinnati surgeon Paul Hoxworth, under the guidance of the local chapter of the American Red Cross. After World War II, the American Red Cross turned over the operation to the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. In 1973, it was named for Doctor Hoxworth.

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