|How do I use FTP through PPP/SLIP Connections?
File transfer protocol is easy to use through a 'direct' P-P-P or S-L-I-P connection. Simply use an F-T-P client program on your local computer, enter the address of the F-T-P host, log in, find the file you need and transfer it to your computer. Since your P-P-P or S-L-I-P connection is direct to the Internet router and backbone system, the files transfer from the F-T-P host right to your local computer
|How do I use FTP through UNIX Shell Accounts?
FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is a two-step process with shell accounts. You must first launch an FTP session at the UNIX prompt, enter the address of the FTP host, find the file, and transfer it to your Internet provider's host server. Then you will need to copy the file from the host server to your local computer.
|How does E-Mail through PPP/SLIP Connections Work?
If you have a PPP or SLIP account and want to process e-mail, you must log into your connection, then load the e-mail client program. Files will begin to transfer from your Internet provider's e-mail server through your modem to your local computer. Each e-mail message has its own file. The service provider's e-mail server will hold the incoming message files for you until you load your e-mail client program.
|How does E-Mail through UNIX Shell Accounts Work?
UNIX shell account customers use their Internet service provider's e-mail server to process messages. The files holding the messages are on the mail server, and can be accessed with an e-mail program called Pine. Pine's processing occurs on the provider's mail server.
|What is a Protocol?
A protocol is a standard to which all components within a system must agree in order for that system to function. The Internet uses several software protocols so that a variety of otherwise incompatible computer hardware can communicate collectively. The Internet's primary protocol is called TCP/IP, or Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol.
|What is TCP/IP?
TCP/IP, or Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, breaks outgoing messages and files into packets called datagrams. These packets are put into electronic envelopes which tell where the packets came from, where they are going, and what is inside. After the packets have been routed through the system and arrive at their final destination, TCP/IP steps back in and arranges the envelopes in order, strips the data from them, and reassembles the data.